Watermelon (Charleston Gray) Genome

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Full NameCitrullus lanatus subsp. vulgaris cv. Charleston Gray
GenusCitrullus
Specieslanatus
Subspeciesvulgaris
CultivarCharleston Gray
Common NameWatermelon (Charleston Gray)
The following features are currently present for this organism
Feature TypeCount
chromosome11
gene22,567
mRNA22,567
protein22,567

 

Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus, is an important cucurbit crop grown throughout the world. Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the east Asia watermelon cultivar 97103 (2n = 2× = 22) containing 23,440 predicted protein-coding genes.

Comparative genomics analysis provided an evolutionary scenario for the origin of the 11 watermelon chromosomes derived from a 7-chromosome paleohexaploid eudicot ancestor. Resequencing of 20 watermelon accessions representing three different C. lanatussubspecies produced numerous haplotypes and identified the extent of genetic diversity and population structure of watermelon germplasm.

Genomic regions that were preferentially selected during domestication were identified. Many disease-resistance genes were also found to be lost during domestication. In addition, integrative genomic and transcriptomic analyses yielded important insights into aspects of phloem-based vascular signaling in common between watermelon and cucumber and identified genes crucial to valuable fruit-quality traits, including sugar accumulation and citrulline metabolism.